Filled with patriotic lines and inspiring thoughts, the “Star Spangled Banner” is the national anthem of the U.S. Derived from the poem written by Francis Scott Key, it tells about the importance of bravery and sacrifice for the love of the country. Up to now, U.S. citizens continuously use it to inspire themselves in whatever event they are doing. Today, they play it during special occasions especially in national sporting events such as hockey, baseball and basketball. For those who wish to learn when the “Star Spangled Banner” was adopted, let’s take a glance at its colorful history.
When was the “Star Spangled Banner” adopted? On March 3rd in 1931, then-U.S. President Herbert Hoover signed a congressional resolution making this song the official U.S. national anthem. When Francis Scott Key wrote its lyrics in 1814, he was inspired greatly by the valiant efforts of his compatriots against the attacks of the Royal Navy ships at the Battle of Baltimore in Maryland. This historic event was part of the War of 1812.
In addition to its meaningful lyrics, the music for this beautiful anthem was credited to John Stafford Smith, who composed it in 1780. Before its adoption in 1931, there were other patriotic songs considered as U.S. national anthem including “Hail, Columbia” and “My Country, ‘Tis of Thee.” Under U.S. President Woodrow Wilson, an order was made that the “Star Spangled Banner” be played in all kinds of military events.
During World War II, people started to play the national anthem in different kinds of sporting events, especially in the games of Major League Baseball. Other groups followed including the National Hockey League, the National Football League and the National Basketball Association.
In modern times, people made various kinds of renditions for this song. Puerto Rican singer Jose Feliciano made one of the most popular versions. He performed this pop version during the World Series in 1968 during a match between Major League Baseball teams Saint Louis Cardinals and Detroit Tigers. In 1991, Whitney Houston performed another impressive rendition of the anthem just before the start of Super Bowl XXV.
Other Important Information and Significant Details
According to a U.S. Code, people must pay respect whenever the anthem is played while the U.S. flag is raised. For instance, it is a clear sign of respect to stand properly and face the flag while the song is being played. Furthermore, people must take off their headdresses or head gears while the anthem is still playing.