One of the most popular, interesting, historic and attractive UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the Great Wall of China has an estimated total length of 8,851.8 kilometers. The wall was created for several centuries and many historians agree that three million Chinese people died while building the infrastructure. Learning when was the Great Wall of China built is essential to improve people’s knowledge and understanding of world history. Below are the important events related to the creation of this popular and splendid tourist spot in China.
The Development of the Great Wall of China
The construction of the Great Wall of China started during the 5th century B.C. For several centuries, different dynasties began the construction of several walls to mark and protect their borders. During the 16th century, the structures were finished and some of the northern regions of the country were secured and protected from foreign attacks. To unite all the regions of China, Qin Shi Huang, leader of the Qin Dynasty proposed the destruction of the walls in 221 B.C. However, after some time, Qin Shi Huang ordered the people to connect all the walls to secure them from possible attacks from Xiongnu people. At this time, the technologies that can be used in the rebuilding of the walls were limited so the structures are not strong enough to stand and last for several years. Years passed and some portions of the walls have been eroded and destroyed.
Other Relevant Information About the Great Wall of China
The Ming Dynasty introduced the concept behind the repair and redevelopment of the Great Wall of China in 1449. To make the structure stronger, the dynasty used stones and bricks to build the wall. Other materials that were used are lime and tiles. Throughout the end of the dynasty, the structure helped the Chinese people survived attacks from Manchus.
Some parts of the Great Wall of China were damaged by sandstorms. In addition, the height of the structure was decreased from above five meters to not more than two meters. Even the watchtowers that characterize the walls have disappeared. The western portions of the structure are also prone to erosion since these are made from mud.
Some of the parts of the structure that were commonly visited by tourists are the Juyongguan pass, Jiayuguan pass and the Pass of Shanhaiguan. Other than these, many tourists in Beijing, China visit the Mutianyu great Wall as well as the Ming Great Wall.