Considered as one of the deadliest illnesses, skin cancer is characterized by a development of tumor and growth of cancer cells in the epidermis. The disease has different kinds such as squamous cell cancer, basal cell cancer and melanoma. Of all the types of cancer, skin cancer is the easiest to diagnose. To diagnose the illness, it is important that patients have a background on the causes as well as the symptoms. Below are important information and details that will help individuals who want to know when was the skin cancer first discovered.
Discovery of the Disease
There are no sufficient documents that can support the date or the year when was the skin cancer first discovered. However, to help researchers, there are documents that they can look at, which showed that the disease was first recognized by Rene Laennec, a French physician, in 1804. Even if the disease was discovered at this year, some medical professionals agree that skin cancer was identified in 1968 by a group of scientists and medical professionals who examined a preserved tissue from a patient who was operated in 1787 by Scottish physician John Hunter.
Other Relevant Information About Skin Cancer
Skin cancer is caused by several factors including overexposure to sunlight, burns and ultraviolet germicidal irradiation. Aside from these, the other causes of the disease are the development of Congenital Melanocytic Nevi Syndrome as well as human papilloma virus. To prevent the occurrence of this illness, it is important to wear protective clothes when doing outdoor chores and to apply sunscreen lotion when staying in places that are exposed to direct sunlight.
The symptoms of this disease differ on the type of cancer cells a patient possesses. For instance, patients who are diagnosed with basal cell carcinoma usually have pearly and smooth bumps on their skin. People who suffer from squamous cell carcinoma commonly experience skin ulceration and bleeding. Lastly, individuals with melanomas have brown skin lesions.
To diagnose this disease, physicians use a dermatoscope to identify melanomas. Aside from these, some physicians also do skin biopsies on patients to diagnose squamous cell carcinoma as well as basal cell carcinoma. Another effective medical method to identify skin cancer is a punch biopsy.
When it comes to treatments, skin cancer patients can undergo Mohs’ micrographic surgery to remove the tumor. Other medical treatments for this disease are chemotherapy, radiation therapy as well as cryotherapy. Aside from these, patients can also undergo photodynamic therapy, curettage, electrodessication and topical chemotherapy to treat the illness.