A popular international nongovernmental organization, Amnesty International (also known as AI or Amnesty) aims to conduct studies that are helpful to avoid cases related to the violations of human rights. This association also desires to assist people whose rights were desecrated. Some of the services that the organization offers are lobbying, research as well as direct-appeal campaigns. To know when was Amnesty International created, let us explore and learn the events that have been essential to the formation of this association. It is also helpful to take a look at some relevant information about the campaigns launched by AI.
When was Amnesty International created? Lawyer Peter Benenson established this organization in July 1961 in London, England. According to Benenson, his desire to form this nongovernmental association was inspired by the imprisonment of two Portuguese students because they had a toast to freedom. The lawyer asked help from Eric Baker who was known for providing financial grants to the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. Baker and Benenson wrote an article entitled The Forgotten Prisoners, which was published by The Observer, a famous periodical in the 1960s.
The article dealt with violations made by governments to some of the sections of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The publication of the article triggered the launch of the Appeal for Amnesty, 1961, a world campaign to stop human rights violations. To formalize the world campaign, the people behind it led by Benenson and Baker, created Amnesty International.
Other Relevant Information about Amnesty International
The worldwide presence of the organization continued until the latter part of the 1960s. In the 1970s, Al was led by some famous personalities including Martin Ennals and Sean MacBride. At this time, the services of the group were focused on fair trials as well as disagreements to the use of terror to prisoners. To help victims, the organization introduced the movement Abolition for Torture. The membership of the association increased to 200,000 before the decade ended.
In the 1980s, Amnesty International continued its operations and campaigns to end the use of torture equipment and devices to prisoners. To become more popular and to get the support of various countries, the organization held the Human Rights Now! Tour in 1998. The association’s international presence was felt in the 1990s and 2000s. One of the most recent campaigns and activities of Al is the mobile donating campaign that initiated limits on world arms trade. Lastly, this group became popular when it opposed and criticized the Iraq War in 2008.