Not every who goes online is aware of the history of the Internet. Here are some of the basic facts and it’s a striking example of how technology has evolved.
Its origin began in the late 1950s. Faced with the threat of the Cold War, the US military devised the ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency). ARPA then commissioned the MIT (Massachusetts in Institute in Technology) in 1965 to create networks. The goal was to create a network that could function in a place savaged by nuclear warfare.
The end product was ARPANET. It was a small network and the nodes included Stanford, UCLA and NASA. In 1973, ARPANET went global by linking with a London University. A pivotal part of the history of the Internet occurred in the mid 1970s. UNIX was created and email became possible. In 1979, USENET was also invented.
This period saw the establishment of its major protocols. These included the TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol and Internet Protocol). This was one of the earliest times that the word itself was used to describe the network.
1984 saw the number of hosts / sites break the 1,000 mark. Symbolics.com becomes the first name be registered. It was in 1988 though, that the first malware was first reported.
By the 1990s the network had come to resemble the interface we today. The reason is that in 1991, Tim Berners Lee created the World Wide Web. This invention changed the history of the Internet forever. With the hyperlinks, it became easier to access information.
Mid to Late 1990s
This period was marked by the introduction of streaming software. Servers like America Online and CompuServe also emerged. Along with these two came various service providers, offering access to the web and email. At this point Netscape and Internet Explorer would emerge as the leading web browsers.
During its early days, only computer companies had web pages. But as more people came to use it, businesses began to see its potential as well. But it was the open source nature of the system that guaranteed its success.
From companies to individual web pages, the history of the Internet would soon experience unprecedented growth. It has been estimated that in the 1990s, online users doubled or tripled every year.
The technological innovations continue to evolve rapidly. Today email is still the most widely used service on the Net. The World Wide Web is used for accessing all sorts of information, from news to entertainment.
There are now plenty of brosers, including Firefox and Apple Safari. Discussion groups, chat rooms and social networking sites have exploded in popularity. The growth of broadband access has also made it easier to distribute large files like videos. It’s also become possible for people to work at home and shop online.
The history of the Internet and its evolution has been phenomenal. There is no question that as the world becomes more connected, the Net will continue to have an impact on people and the world in general.