On the 4th day of July, 1776 America, specifically the Thirteen Colonies, formally declared its independence from Great Britain. For more than a year before this, Great Britain and the Thirteen Colonies had been waging war against each other. In summary, here are events leading to when did America gain independence.
US independence from Great Britian all started during a tax dispute between the Colonies and the British Parliament. The Colonies were grossly misrepresented in Parliament. Hence, the colonists felt that Parliament had no right to impose taxes on them. This was especially so when it was making a new round of tax increase. The tax increase was due to the economic crisis in Great Britain then. This triggered the American revolution, starting the series of developments leading to when did America gain independence.
Parliament Tax Revenue Acts
To save the indebted economy of Great Britain, Parliament policies or Acts. Examples are the 1765 Stamp Act and the 1767 Townshend Acts. These gave rights to the Parliament to levy increased taxes on Americans to keep British presence in the Colonies. Unreasonable tax increases often trigger social unrest. This brought about the first social upheavals leading to the US independence from Great Britain. Some history experts trace back the time of when did America gain independence here.
Irreconcilable Differences on the British Constitution
Add to the tax crisis the divergent opinions on the British Constitution. The differing views on the Constitution had long been going on. The tax issue served as fuel to the fire. Soon, the heated debates led to war and to the formal declaration of US independence from Great Britain, written by Thomas Jefferson. This hatched the exact day of when did America gain independence.
The Boston Tea Party
In 1774, the Parliament wanted to punish the whole province of Massachusetts for the alleged provocative Boston Tea Party. So it passed the bill on Coercive Acts. The Colonists saw this as a breach of the British Constitution and of civil liberties. This led to the First Continental Congress in 1774, making the move for US independence from Great Britain more pronounced.
Thomas Paine Wrote His Piece
In the first month of 1776, Thomas Paine wrote his famous “Common Sense.” It was an argument for American independence. It also promoted republicanism as against hereditary and monarchial rule. In February of the same year, American ports were forcibly closed. American vessels were tagged as enemy ships by Parliament. The move for independence became stronger, especially with the participation of John Adams.
When did America Gain Independence?
On July 2, the Continental Congress voted to declare independence. Finally, on July 4, 1776, the Thirteen Colonies officially decided and declared they were no longer part of Great Britain. The declaration was approved and released by Congress.