The rich and colorful history of the U.S. is not complete without discussing the contributions of Abraham Lincoln. As the 16th U.S. President, he accomplished a lot of huge things and resolved crucial issues such as the eradication of slavery. He also led the country surpass the American Civil War. He successfully replaced James Buchanan. Soon after his death, Andrew Johnson succeeded him as the 17th president of the country. Here is a quick glance at U.S. history, particularly when Abraham Lincoln became president.
When did Abraham Lincoln become president? The people elected him on November 6th in 1860. After this momentous election, he assumed the role as the 16th President of the U.S. when he was inaugurated on March 4, 1861. In the process, he defeated Constitutional Union Party’s John Bell, the Southern Democrat John C. Breckinridge and Democrat Stephen A. Douglas. This impressive feat made him the first ever U.S. President-elect from the state of Illinois. His office lasted until April 15, 1865 right after his brutal assassination.
During his presidency, Lincoln clearly expressed his opposition against slavery in the country. Furthermore, he spent a lot of effort in order to succeed against the American Civil War. He did just that after he defeated Confederate States of America, which closely adhered to secessionism. More than anything else, his biggest accomplishment was the introduction of measures that eventually led to the removal of slavery in the country.
In the 1864 U.S. elections, he was reelected to the office of the president. After this significant event, he went on to promote Ulysses S. Grant as U.S. General-in-Chief. This move happened on March 12, 1864. As U.S. president, he led the country past the Civil War. It ended on April 9, 1865, when the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia commanding leader Robert E. Lee surrendered to him together with numerous other rebels.
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On July 22, 1862, he expressed clearly his opposition against slavery in the country after he discussed the Emancipation Proclamation draft to the members of his cabinet. Aside from ending slavery, he also made some valiant efforts to preserve the Union. On September 22, 1862, he announced the proclamation to the public. It was implemented on January 1, 1863.
According to historians, his efforts to free the slaves helped him won the reelection bid. While watching the play entitled “Our American Cousin” at Ford’s Theatre in Washington D.C. on April 14, 1865, a Confederate spy named John Wilkes Booth assassinated him. Until now, many people still consider Lincoln as one of the greatest U.S. presidents of all time.